Steps on How To Improve Your Memory Before Taking any Examination

Filed in Articles, Education, Helpful Exam Guide by on August 29, 2019 0 Comments

Good memory is a necessary attribute brilliant students need. Students have to learn as well as memorize things to reproduce things in their own words during exams. It should be noted that by memorizing, I never mean cramming…students should always avoid cramming because it puts an end to creativity. You should understand and learn in a way you can use that knowledge yourself. But still a part of study needs to be memorized. A science student has to understand scientific processes in their science text books or notebook as well as make sketches of steps involved. Such learning requires good memory.

READ ALSO:Students’ Guide for Examinations Success’ Common Terms to Note

Steps on How To Improve Your Memory Before Taking any Examination

On How To Improve Your Memory

  • Associate
    information with another
    : When you study, try to pick new
    information, associate it with another which you have already learned. Making
    such relation between same information will help you remember things easily.
  • Make
    image of data in your mind
    : Try to make a sketch of
    information in your mind. When you read something, think for a while, draw its
    picture in your mind. In this way, you transform data into memorable images.
  • Make
    short formulae or short sentences for complex data
    It is a nice tactic if you have to memorize complex data or many steps involved
    in a process in its sequence. In this way, you have to make a short word or
    sentence with first letters of such idea.

Example One

you’re studying Trigonometry, there are complex formulae which can confuse you
in exam if you don’t memorize them. See the formulae given below:

 Sin =

 Cos = Base/Hypotenuse,

 Tan = Perpendicular/Base.

a sentence for it to memorize it easily; we make a sentence ‘some
people have curly black hair through proper brushing’.
The first three
words in this sentence are for first formulae, next three words in the sentence
are for second formulae and last three words in the sentence are for last

Example Two

In Biology, you have to
memorize the same in four phases: MITOSIS (Cell division process) in its right
sequence which is 1-Prophase, 2-Metaphase, 3-Anaphase, and 4-Telophase. Make a
word or two like ‘PMA Test’ (A letter ‘P’ stands for Prophase, M=Metaphase, A =
Anaphase, and T = Telophase).

  • Reviewing: If you study a
    topic after some days, don’t worry, it is common. You should review your study
    material again and again to remember it for a long time. If you study in the
    morning, it is good for you to review it at night. You should, at least review
    the topic after every week.
  • Reading
    aloud and writing out points
    : Some students
    remember things by reading aloud or writing out some points from the study
    material while reading. This shows that each student has his/her own manner of
    studying. Practice the one you are good at; it will definitely help you.
  • Mental
    : This involves engaging in brain-teasing exercises,
    logic and reasoning. It sharpens your mind. It strengthens neural connection in
    your brain, example doing difficult arithmetic calculations, playing puzzle
    games, scrabble, fixing and other brain teasing games.

  • Nutrients
    for Brain
    : Take nutrients which are rich and good for the brain.
    Nutrients having antioxidant like vitamin C, and E and better carotene, vitamin
    B, Omega-3 fatty acids and folic acid etc., are good for brain. Add 3-5 Almonds
    in one glass milk keep it for 5-6 minutes and drink it daily. It is good for
    mental health. Apple juice is also good for sharpening brain.
  • Think
    and accept you can remember:
    Never say you can’t remember.
    You can remember only if you say you can remember and accept this mentally.
    This is called ‘the Power in Thoughts or
    the Power of Positive Thinking’
  • Try
    to get full sleep
    : Take at least six hours’ night rest
    for refreshment and relaxation of your mind so that your mind can work more
    effectively in the morning of the examination.
  • Take
    regular exercise:
    The brain takes its nutrients from
    blood for proper functionality. Physical exercise speeds up blood flowing to the
    brain and the brain gets well-nourished as well and gets rid of waste products
    through sweats. It is good for enhancing memory power.

According to
information published at, five reasons
have been identified as factors why students fail their exams, which are as

First, Not Having Enough Time for Revision: Revision
does not mean reading. Revising is an active process; students really don’t
understand what they are reading. They should know what every word means, be
able to analyze every diagram, bulleted point, graph and data. Mind maps,
highlighting key points and notes, summaries on cards, papers or jotters are
all useful ways of doing active revision.

Second, Starting Revision Too Late: The path
to success lies in good planning. Start revision early, little and often is
better than a mad panic at the end. Revision should start so that there is enough
time to understand, learn, memorize and to practice past papers. Students
should create a revision timetable and stick to it. This will ensure that all
the topics are covered and not just the ones the students like.

Third, Stressing the Brain too much: Pressure during
exam period is rather unfortunate. Parents can relieve the burden by making
sure that their children eat regularly and enough sleep. Tiredness makes revision
ineffective and affects performance in exams. Revise for maximum 30 minutes’
intervals and then have a 5-minute break. The exam should be treated as a
normal school or college day, other than that they are doing an exam. Following
your normal routine will help you relax.

Fourth, tackle simple questions first: This
suggest that you should answer all the easy questions first and then go back to
the ones you have missed out or that seems to be difficult at first approach.
Spend more time on high-mark questions and also answer questions you are asked
to attempt as compulsory questions.

Finally, Malapropism, also called a malaprop or Dogberryism: This is one of the lessons students need to learn because they
misinterpret the questions at hand. When a student does not understand what is
required from the examiner, and will not answer the question accordingly.
Students should get hold of a slash of past question papers and make sure they
also have the answers to check their understanding then familiarize themselves
with examination questions and the language used; and always ask themselves:
what do they want us or me to write. They will be less likely to misunderstand
if they have come across similar questions before being confronted with an examination
paper. Here,
a little explanation can be given for malapropism.

is an important area a student in an examination hall should properly lookout
for. One of the questions in Biology was posed by a lecturer as follows:

of honey by humans has rules and regulations, as enumerated in Food and
Nutrition for man, discuss.

must wonder what on earth the word means.

has no functions whatsoever in the question. It has found its way in there
because the lecturer has mistaken it for the more appropriate word, consumption,
or it may have been a typographical error.

consummation and consumption sounds alike. Also, the lecturer could simply have
indulged in bombast. It is meaningful if only we say consumption of honey….

you consume something, you eat or drink it. And when you consider that consummation
can also mean ‘the action of making a marriage or relationship complete by
having sexual intercourse (OALD, 6th Ed., 2006). You will appreciate
truly how bizarre the use of the word is in the question, not to mention giving
accurate answer to it.

students fall victim of misinterpreting words in a question paper as they rush
to give wrong answers. If you pay attention to key words in a sentence or
questions posed by a teacher, instead of rushing to provide wrong answers, you
can win more or bonus marks to yourself; while others attain failure due to malapropism.

In such instance, one
may also have a question like:

There shouldn’t be shortage of enemies to find and fix in the run-down to the 2019 elections. Run-down is a malapropism of the word run-up. It has simply distorted the intended meaning. Since the author is describing the building-up to the elections. As a noun, run-down refers to a summary or reduction in productivity or activity. So, run-up meaning the final period of time before an important event (Cambridge Advanced Learners’ Dictionary), is the appropriate word.

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