Geography Examination Questions for Senior Secondary School (ss3)|Exam Questions

Geography Examination Questions for Senior Secondary School (ss3)|Exam Questions

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  • SECOND TERM’S EXAMINATION
  • SUBJECT: GEOGRAPHY
  • CLASS: SS 3
  • TIME: 2 1/2 HRS

Answer all the questions

PAPER ONE

  1. Which of the following is not being exported
    by Nigeria at present  (a) Cocoa  (b) Columbite 
    (c) hides and skin
  2. Which of the following is a typical ocean
    floor feature? (a) Roche (B) Moutonnee 
    (c) deep sea plain  (d) cave
  3. When the roof of a coastal care collapse ,it
    forms (a) a doline  (b) a geo  (c) a gorge (d) a lagoon
  4.  Soil
    profile refers to the ……… of the soil 
    (a) gradient  (b) slope (c)  vertical section  (d) mineral composition
  5. The layer of earth found immediately beneath
    the crest is called _____ (a) Hydrosphere (b) Lithosphere (c) mesosphere  (d) Biosphere
  6. The busiest shipping route in the world is
    (a) South Atlantic, cape route (b) The Mediterranean. Asiatic route  (c) The North Pacific Route  (d) The North Atlantic Route
  7. The two most populous and heavily industrialized
    parts of the world are (a) Western Europe and the Caribbean countries (b)
    Eastern part of North American and the West Coasts of Africa America. (d)
    Eastern part of North  America and
    Argentina
  8. Which of the following planets has the
    shortest orbits around the sun?  (a)
    Pluto  (b) Venus  (C) Mercury 
    (d) Mars
  9. The apparent movement of the sun occurs
    between the  (a) North pole and South
    pole  (b) Tropic of cancer and tropic of
    Capricorn  (c) Equator and North
    pole  (c) Arctic circle and Antarctic
    circle

10.
    When the moon is seen between the sun
and the earth there is (a) Eclipse of the sun (b) Eclipse of the moon (c)
Partial Eclipse (d) Total eclipse

11.     Changes
of seasons is a result (a) Inclination of the rotation of the earth  (b) Inclination of the earth only (d)  Revolution 
and inclination of the earth .

12.
    Tides are caused by the gravitational
pull of (a) The mars and the sun (b) Stars and the ocean (d) the stars and the
moon.

13.
    Which of the following is a plutonic
rock? (a) Granite (b) Coal (c) Basket (d) Quartzite

14.
    Which of the following is a
metamorphic rock?  (a) Sandstone (b)
Graphite (c) Dolomite (d) Basalt

15.
    Which of the following features is not
associated with Vulcanicity?  (a) Sill
(b) Laccolith (c) Batholiths   (d) canyon

16.
    When mayma intrudes along the bedding
planes, it solidifies to form a (a) Dyke (b) Sill (c) Batholith 

17.
    A features not associated with chalk
and limestone region is (a) Swallow–hole (b) Stalactite (C) Dry valley (d)
Barchan

18.
    The prevent types of rock in a
Karst  landscape is   (a) Grante (b) Conglomerates  (c) Limestone 
(d) Basalt

19.
    The permanent rock in which ground
water is stored is known as (a) Catena (b) aquifer (c) playa (d) polje

20.
    A major feature found in a river in
its youthful stage is. (a) waterfall (b) Delta 
(c) Meander  (d) flood plain

21.
    The most powerful agent of marine
erosion is the (a) Swash (b) Winds (c) Waves (d) undertow

22.
    When the cave roof of a blow hole
collapse, the narrow roads inlet created is known as (a) geo (b) gloup   (c) Dyke (d) Split 

23.
    In the desert , the area which is
fertile known as  (a) Wadi (b) Oasi (c)
Salina  (d) Playa

24.
    Which of the following gives the best
explanation for the high daily temperature ranges in hot deserts? (a) cloudless
sky (b) low rainfall  (c) bare
surface  (d) midday overhead sun

25.
    The instrument for measuring wind
speed is the   (a) wind rose (b)
anemometer (c) wind vane (d) barometer

26.
    Places with equal air pressure are
shown on maps by lines called (a) Isotherms (b) Contours (c) Isobars (d)
Isohalines

27.
    The layer of the atmosphere which is
responsible for the weather on the surface of the earth is known as (a)
Thermosphere (b) Mesosphere (c) Troposphere (d) Ionosphere

28.
    Which of the following may occur as a
result of concentration of carbon dioxide and sulphuric compounds in the
atmosphere? (a) Cyclonic rain (b) Acid rain (c) Hurricanes (d) Thunderstorms

29.
    The dark colour of the soli often
indicates the (a) rate of weathering (b) Mineral and humus content (c) extent
of erosion (d) Nature of parent rock.

30.
    The forest is luxuriant and evergreen,
it has three distinct layers of trees. Typical trees include mahogany, Iroko,
and ebony which vegetation belt is described above? (a) Warm temperate forest
(b) Tropical rain forest (c) coniferous forest (d) Mediterranean forest

31.
    Which of the following is not an
example of tropical hard wood? (a) Spade (b) Iroko (c) Wawa (d) Obeche 

32.     Which of the following farm practices can
be used to check soil erosion? (a) Monoculture (b) Bush burning (c) Shifting
Cultivation (d) Terrace farming.

33.
    Which of the following areas has high
population density? (a) The middle belt of West Africa (b) The Nile basin (c)
The Amazon basin (d) Queen land in Australia

34.
    A conurbation is (a) a city which
extends over a million hectares of land and is characterised by skyscrapers
(b)  a large city with over one million
people  (c) a merger of more than one
settlement to form a continuous built-up area, with each retaining its
identify  (d) The concentration of
settlement along both sides of a road

35.
    Urbanization can be described as (a)
Growth of towns in terms of number, population and size (b) Eventual merging of
two urban centres to form a single sprawling city (c) Migration of people from
urban to rural areas.

36.
    Which of the following is not a
problem of urbanization in West Africa? (a) Development of slums (b) Increase
in prostitution (c) Establishment of industries (d) Poor waste management

37.
    Which of the following is a secondary economic
activity? (a) Bauxite mining (b) Petty trading (c) Food processing  (d) mixed farming

38.     Which of the following is not an important
industrial region in Nigeria? (a) The middle belt of Nigeria (b) North central
industrial zone (c) Western part of Nigeria (d) The East Central industrial
zone

39.     The practice of cultivating crops and
rearing animals on the same farm is known as (a) mixed farming (b) mixed
cropping (c) shifting cultivation (d) transhumance

40.     River transportation is mostly limited in
Africa by (a) drainage (b) relief (c) waterfalls (d) weather

41.     Which of the following is not a major
reason for the location of industries near urban centres in West Africa? (a)
Cheap labour (b) Ready market (c) Availability of power (d) Promotion of export

42.     Which of the following is the most
important factor limiting the volume of trade among West African countries? (a)
emergence of trade blocks (b) production of similar products (c) size of market
(d) too many political boundaries

43.     Which of the following economic activities
is not practised in the Southern part of West Africa? (a) Cocoa cultivation (b)
Oil palm production (c) Cattle rearing (d) Mineral processing

44.     Cork-oak is to Mediterranean lands as cactus
is to (a) Temperate lands (b) Tropical lands (c) Hot desert lands (d)
Equatorial lands

45.     Which of the following is the major effect
of drought in the Sahel region of West Africa? (a) Increased solar energy (b)
population migration (c) Temperature inversion (d) Rapid development of cities

46.     Through which of the following sea routes
is crude oil from West Africa transported to European markets? (a) The Panama
Canal route (b) The Cape route (c) The Suez Canel route (d) The North Atlantic
route

47.     What method of mining is used for
extracting petroleum in Africa? (a) Crushing (b) Drilling (c) Adit (d) Open
Cast

48.     What is the name of the local wind that
blows in West Africa between November and February? (a) Harmattan (b) Chinook
(c) Monsoon wind (d) land breeze

49.     Which of the following modes of
transportation provides door-to-door services? (a) Road transport (b) Rail
transport (c) Ocean navigation (d) air transport

50.     Which of the following is the first stage
in the process of lumbering? (a) trees are cut into logs (b) suitable species
are identified (c) trees are felled with 
power saw (d) platforms are built for buttress trees

Study the map ADAGOLE DISTRICT, attached and
use it to answer questions 51 to 60

51.     The scale of the map in statement form is
(a) 1 centimetre on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (b) 2
centimetres on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (c) 3 centimetres
on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (d) 4 centimetres on the map
represents 1 kilometre on the ground

52.     Farming is common in the (a) North Western
part of the map (b) North Eastern part of the map (c) South Western part of the
map (d) South Eastern part of the map

53.     The Western part of R. Gembeh flows through
(a) a delta (b) a gorge (c) a levee (d) an undulating plain

54.     The point where R. Isbo meets with R.
Gembeh is called (a) an entrepot (b) a watershed (c) a lagoon (d) a confluence

55.     The contour interval on the map is (a)
50metres (b) 100 metres (c) 150 metres (d) 200 metres

56.     The lowest point in the mapped area is (a)
North-east (b) South-east (c) South-west (d) North-west

57.     The distance as the crow flies from Bebe to
Bodel is (a) 12.75km (b) 10.00km (c) 7.25km (d) 5.25km

58.     The bearing of Bodel from Bede is (a) 25.0o
(b) 255.0o (c) 115.0o (d) 150.0o

59.     Which of the following statements is true
about the drainage of the mapped area? (a) The watershed from which the rivers
take their sources is in the North-west (b) R. Isbo and R. Gembeh are the two
rivers that drain the district (c) R. Gembeh has many distributaries (d) An
ox-bow lake has been formed at the point of intersection of R. Isbo and R.
Gembeh

60.     The common modes of transportation in the
mapped area are (a) railway and water (b) pipeline and railway (c) road and
water (d) air and water

PAPER TWO

Answer
four questions in all

1a.     Give fur reasons why countries engage in
world trade (4 marks)

b.       Name any two sea routes through which
Nigeria trades with the outside world (2 marks)

c.       Name four commodities of international
trade between Nigeria and other countries (two import and two export). (4
marks)

2a.     On a sketch map of Nigeria, locate and name

(i)
     two game reserves (4 marks)

(ii)      one important town in each of the areas
identified above (2 marks)

b.       Suggest three ways by which tourism may
be boosted in Nigeria (3 marks)

3a.     Name the three types of rainfall (3 marks)

b.       With the aid of relevant diagrams,
describe the formation and characteristics of any two types named above (7
marks)

4a.     What is the shape of the earth? (2 marks)

b.       With the aid of appropriate diagrams,
give four proofs to support your answer in (a) above.

5.       Represent the information in table (1)
below by means of pie chart, the value of the most important exports of Nigeria
in 1980, both in percentage and in degrees.

A table showing value of the most important
exports of Nigeria in 1980

Export
Product
Value
in Million
Cocoa
Groundnut
Petroleum
Coal
Others
200
140
240
50
90

6a.     What is Environmental Pollution? (2 marks)

b.       Describe three cause of environmental
pollution. (6 marks)

c.       Outline two ways in which environmental pollution can be controlled. (2 marks)

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